As a 6th Year Diploma, I worked on a Degree called Educational Leadership, training to be a principal. One of my courses was at a Superintendent's office, as she was too busy to travel to University. One of her stories impressed upon me. She stated," You have no idea how quickly your friends will separate from you as soon as they hear you have done something wrong."
Fast forward a few years. In the course of a ridiculous amount of testing, one of the tests was to time one student at a time as each read for one full minute. We were looking for the magic number, which was 144 words per our grade. Each teacher was given a substitute teacher, which we had to plan for, while we worked with one student at a time in another room. The reading teachers were doing whatever they do in their reading room.
In anticipation of this test, my class did a great deal of silent reading, close to an hour a day, while I circulated and listened to them read. I also gave each student a paper. They were directed to write the title of the book they were reading. It was important the book be on the student's reading level. Next, I taught the class to begin at the top word on a page. I would say Begin, and the students would read until I said stop, after 60 seconds. When students heard the stop signal, they would place a tiny post-it note where they had left off. Then, beginning at the first word at the top of their paper, they would count each word they read until they got to their post-it note. The total was placed on their paper next to the book title.
I would go around the room and randomly ask a student what their number was. I emphasized how important it was to get an accurate number, even if it was only 40. I didn't want the students to compete with one another, just to do their best. I never told them the magic number.
I told the reading teachers what I was doing to improve fluency, but neither them nor my grade partners seemed interested. I did this assessment about twice a week. At the end of the year, I once again had to test my students. There were also comprehension questions about what they had read. When the test was complete, I passed them to the reading teachers. Their eyes widened.
The reading teachers came to me and said due to the discrepancy of scores, they would be retesting my class. Within the next two days my class was retested. Everyone made over the 144 mark.
Keep in mind, as with all my posts, any resemblance to any person is completely coincidental.