#35 The Plot Thickens
Literary Devices Plot Definition: Plot is a literary term used to describe the events that make up a story or the main part of a story. These events relate to each other in a pattern or a sequence. The structure of a novel depends on the organization of events in the plot of a story. Plot is known as the foundation of a novel or story which the characters and setting are built around. It is meant to organize information and events in a logical manner. When writing the plot of a piece of literature the author has to be careful that it does not dominate the other parts of the story.
There are five main elements in a plot. The first is the exposition or the introduction. This is known as the beginning of the story where characters and settings are established. The conflict or main problem is introduced as well. The second element of a plot is known as the rising action which occurs when a series of events build up to the conflict. The main characters are established by the time the rising action of a plot occurs and at the same time, events begin to get complicated. It is during this part of a story that excitement, tension or crisis is encountered. The third element of a plot is known as the climax or the main point of the plot. This is the main turning point of the story and is meant to be the moment of highest interest and emotion. The reader wonders what is going to happen next. The fourth element of a plot is known as falling action or the winding up of a story. Events and complications begin to resolve and the result of actions of the main characters are put forward. The last element of a plot is the resolution or the conclusion. It is the end of a story and ends with either a happy or a tragic ending.
Functions of a Plot A plot is one of the most important parts of a story and has many different purposes. Finally, the plot focuses attention on the important characters and their roles in the story. It motivates the characters and connects the events in an orderly manner. It creates a desire for the reader to go on reading by absorbing them in the middle of the story, wanting to know what happens next. The plot leads to the climax, but gradually releases the story in order to maintain the reader's interest. During the plot of a book, a reader gets emotional and connects with the book, not allowing himself to put the book down. Eventually, the plot reveals the entire story and gives the readers a sense of completion that he has finished the story and reached a conclusion.
The plot is what forms a memory in the reader's mind, allowing him to think about the book and even making them want to make it again. By identifying and understanding the plot, the reader is able to understand the message being conveyed by the author and the explicit or implicit moral of the story.